Knee pain is incredibly common. It affects as many as a third of all teenagers and young adults in the UK at some time. Knee pain is a special problem for athletes — over half of all athletes endure it every year.
One of the most common reasons for knee pain areSwollen or torn ligaments, meniscus (cartilage) tears and runner’s knee.
There are plenty of other things that can go wrong. Other conditions that cause knee pain are:
- Osteoarthritis. This condition is a frequent cause of knee pain in athletes and non-athletes alike more common in those over 60. A link to a paper giving evidence based review for treatment of knee osteoarthritis using Acupuncture.
- Bone chips. Sometimes, a knee injury can break off fragments from the bone or cartilage. These pieces can get stuck in the joint, causing it to freeze up. You may also have pain and swelling.
- Bursitis. A bursa is a sac of fluid that cushions and protects muscle layers over your joints. There are several in different parts of your knee. Overuse, a fall, or repeated bending can irritate the bursa, causing pain and swelling. One type of bursitis is the so called “housemaid’s knee” as it is often caused by kneeling.
- A “Baker’s cyst” — a swelling behind the knee — can also result from injuries and from conditions like arthritis.
- Iliotibial band syndrome. The Iliotibial band is a piece of tough tissue that runs from your hip down to your shin. If it’s irritated by overuse or other problems, it can become swollen and cause pain on the outside of the knee.
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease. This condition occurs in teenage years and is an osteochondritis which causes a painful bump below the knee where a tendon from the kneecap connects to the shin.
- Tendonitis, or swelling of the tendons. Tendons are tough bands of tissue that connect your bones and muscles. Overuse can make the tendons inflamed and sore. One type of knee tendonitis is called “jumper’s knee.”
It is always advisable to have knee injuries properly assessed. Laurens Holve is trained to do this.
If an old knee injury was not properly treated, it may keep causing occasional, or constant, knee pain.
Both Acupuncture and some Physical treatment are effective in helping to reduce pain and help retain functioning of the knee.